Hong Kong has become a special administrative region of the People’s Republic of China from July 1, 1997.
According to the "Basic Law of the People’s Republic of China", the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China enjoys legislative power in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, and the Legislative Council is the legislature of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.
Articles 66-79 of the Basic Law shall be regulated in the establishment of the Legislative Council. The main functions of the Legislative Council are to formulate laws; review and adopt fiscal budgets, taxation and public spending; and monitor the government’s work.
The Legislative Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region is also authorized to agree to the appointment and dismissal of the Judges and the High Court of the High Court and have the right to delay the chief executive.
Articles 49 and 50 of the Basic Law stipulated that the Chief Executive, if the bill passed the Legislative Council is not in line with the overall interests of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, and the Act can send the bill to the Legislative Council, and the Legislative Council is a lot Two-thirds of all the parliamentarians once again passed the original case, and the Chief Executive must disband the Legislative Council in accordance with Article 50 of the Basic Law within a month. However, the reselection Legislative Council is still subject to a few more than two-thirds of all the members, and the Chief Executive must sign an announcement, otherwise it must be resigned. The Legislative Council has gave these new power to ensure that the administrative organs and legislagans of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region can fully understand each other.
"Basic Law" also details how the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region enjoys autonomy of their own laws. According to Article 17 of the Basic Law, the legal authorities developed by the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region legislature must report the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress.
After consulting the Basic Committee of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress is not in line with the "Basic Law", the Central and Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the Central and Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, which is not complies with the "Basic Law". Send it back to the law, but not modified.
The law returned by the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress immediately invalid, but the failure of the law has no traceability.
The Legislative Council’s composition of the 4th Legislative Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region is composed of 60 people, of which 30 of them are elected by partitions, and the remaining 30 are produced by functional groups. The election of the 4th Legislative Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region was held on September 7, 2008. According to the Basic Law and the Legislative Council Ordinance, the Term of the 4th Legislative Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region begins on October 1, 2008, for a four-year.
The Chairman of the Legislative Council was accepted by the Legislative Council. For information on the Legislative Council elections, please visit the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Election Management Committee page.
According to Article 73 of the Basic Law, the Legislative Council of the Basic Law is responsible for exercising the following powers: According to the Basic Law, it is formulated, revised and abolished the law according to the legal procedures; according to the government’s proposal, audit, through the financial budget Approve tax and public spending; listen to the administrative chief administration’s policy report and debate; on the government’s work; debate on any relevant public interest; the appointment and dismissal of the Chief Judge of the Court of Final Appearance; Accepted Hong Kong Residents Make a handling; such as the four-quarter of the Legislative Council, the administrative chief has serious illegal or malfanectual behavior without resignation, and the Legislative Council can entrust the Chief Judge of the Legislative Council responsible for forming an independent investigation committee. And as Chairman. The Investigation Commission is responsible for investigating and reporting to the Legislative Council. If the investigation committee believes that there is enough evidence to constitute the above allegations, the Legislative Council can adopt more than two-thirds of all the parliamentarians, and the population can be proposed, and the Central People’s Government will decide; and when exercising the above powers, if necessary, Call the relevant people to attend testing and evidence.
The Legislative Council meeting Legislative Council usually holds a meeting in the Legislative Council in the conference hall during the session, including: submitting legislature and other documents; notification and statement; publishing a statement; review the bill, Make a motion debate. The Chief Executive will also attend the Special Session of the Legislative Council from time to time, and to the Members’ matter and the questions proposed by the Solution Member. All conferences of the Legislative Council were disclosed and allowed the public to listen. The content of the meeting is also recorded in Chinese and English, which is contained in the official record of the Legislative Council Conference Process. The Commission Institutional Legislative Council will perform important functions such as the implementation of the research bill, review and approval public spending and monitoring government administration.
The Legislative Council has three standing committees, namely the financial committee, the Government Account Committee and the Personal Interest Inspection Committee.
In the case of the need, the Household Committee will set up a bill of Act to study the bill delivered by the Legislative Council. In addition, there are 18 affairs committees under the Legislative Council, regularly listening to government officials, and monitor government implementation policies and measures. The complaint system Legislative Council complaint system is a system operated by the Legislative Council. Through this system, Members accepted and handled the complaints proposed by the public to government measures or policies.
The complaint system also handles the opinions submitted by the public on government policies, laws, and other matters concerned. 6 per week has turned the value, the operation of the complaint system, and instructs the staff of the Competition Department of the Legislative Council of the Complaint. At the same time, Members also rotated on the "duty" in the one week of the value, met the complainant (including individual people and appeal groups), discussing their complaints.